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APA Guide - 6th Edition: Step 1: References

Step 1: Create an APA References Page

When you research a paper, you gather information sources including articles, books and websites.

An APA References Page gives credit to those information sources.

To create an APA References Page, first construct an APA citation for each information source used in preparing your paper. Then list those citations in alphabetical order by the lead author's last name on a page titled "References."

The format of an APA citation varies by type of information source.

Follow these basic formats and examples for articles, books and website citations; consult with your librarians or APA style guides for more complex information sources and situations.

APA Book Citation

Basic format

Author, A. A. (Year of publication). Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Location (City then Abbreviated State): Publisher.

Example

Otto, R. (1958). The idea of the holy. New York, NY: Oxford U.P.

APA Chapter in an Edited Book Citation

Basic format - Print Book

Author, A. A., & Author, B.B. (Year of publication). Title of chapter. In A. Editor, B. Editor, & C. Editor (Eds.), Title of book: Subtitle of book (pp. xxx-xxx). Location: Publisher.

Example

 

Otto, R., & Brown, J. L. (2018). Wonderment of diversity. In. J. E. Carmichael & W. Wilson (Eds.), Humanity at its finest: Under one skin (pp. 231 - 256).  New York, NY: Wallace and Company

--

Basic format - Electronic Book

Author, A. A., & Author, B.B. (Year of publication). Title of chapter. In A. Editor, B. Editor, & C. Editor (Eds.), Title of book: Subtitle of book (pp. xxx-xxx). Retrieved from http://www.XXXXXXXXXXXXX

or

Author, A. A., & Author, B.B. (Year of publication). Title of chapter. In A. Editor, B. Editor, & C. Editor (Eds.), Title of book: Subtitle of book (pp. xxx-xxx). doi:XXXXXXXXXXXXX

or

Examples

Maker., W. (2013). Religion and the dialectic of the enlightment. In. A. Nuzzo (Ed.), Hegel on religion and politics (pp. 59 - 78). Retrieved from https://ezproxy.felician.edu:2636/lib/felician-ebooks/detail.action?docID=3408689

or

Smith, J. (2019). Tomorrow is another day. In A. Collins (Ed.), Gone with the wind: A southern epic (pp. 109 -110). doi:10.0110.3673

APA Article Citation

Basic format

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Name of Periodical, volume number(issue number), pages.

Example

Paprocki, J., & Williamson, D. (2006). The cross of Christ: Symbol of victory. RTJ: The Magazine for Catechist Formation, 40(2), 7-9. 

APA Article from a Database Citation

Basic format

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Name of Periodical, volume number(issue number), pages.doi

Author, A. A., Author, B. B., & Author, C. C. (Year). Title of article. Name of Periodical, volume number(issue number), pages.Retrieved from the URL of the journal homepage.

Example

Paprocki, J., & Williamson, D. (2006). The cross of Christ: Symbol of victory. RTJ: The Magazine for Catechist Formation, 40(2), 7-9. doi:10.1037/hop0000027

Paprocki, J., & Williamson, D. (2006). The cross of Christ: Symbol of victory. RTJ: The Magazine for Catechist Formation, 40(2), 7-9. Retrieved from http://www.catechist.com/

APA Newspaper Citation

Basic format

Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Article title. Name of Newspaper, pp. 

Example format

Schwarz, J. (1993, September 30). Obesity affects economic, social status. The Washington Post, pp. A1, A4. 

APA Online Newspaper Citation

Basic format

Author, A. A. (Year, Month Day). Article title. Name of Newspaper. Retrieved from http:///www.xxxxxxxx

Example format

Brody, J. E. (2007, December 11). Mental reserves keep brain agile. The New York Times. Retrieved from http://www.nytimes.com

APA Website Citation

Basic format

Author, A.A. OR Corporate Author Name. (Year of publication). Title of webpage. Retrieved from http:// address

Example

Educational Broadcasting Corporation. (2011). Religion & ethics newsweekly. Retrieved from http://www.pbs.org/wnet/religionandethics/