This guide is a quick introduction to the Modern Language Association 9th edition citation style. Be sure to consult the MLA Handbook or the online MLA Style Center for detailed standards and procedures.
MLA Style is primarily used to cite sources within the language arts, cultural studies, & other humanities disciplines such as:
The expanded 9th edition of the MLA Style Manual was published April 2021.
The main change is that the MLA Handbook is now acting both as a textbook and a great reference guide. If you already know how to cite by using MLA 8 format, you will already be familiar with how to use the current MLA edition. The significant changes you will encounter are mostly related to the use of containers for different media types and the use (or principles) of inclusive language. The new edition makes the previous MLA 8 format clearer with minor updates and examples that must be considered to avoid confusion.